HCDThe East African Community (EAC) Common Market is considered to significantly boost trade and investments in the region, leading to long term improvement of people’s living conditions.

The implementation of the Common Market is negotiated between the five EAC Partner States, Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania under the guidance of the EAC Secretariat. This involves enabling various actors to make decisions on a political level and therefore implementing the EAC Common Market within the region.

Three years after the Common Market Protocol (CMP) came into force, it faced two main challenges

  • The negotiation process was restricted by a lack of knowledge on the potential of the CMP
  • The implementation process was restricted by the lacking potential of various actors to implement, apply and gain from these provisions

Considerable effort is therefore required by the EAC Secretariat to build actors’ abilities to implement the EAC CMP, laying the foundation for growth and prosperity in the region.


Acknowledging the importance of including individual actors, strengthening of human capacities for the implementation of the EAC Common Market is a priority of EAC-German development cooperation. GIZ has extensive knowledge in Human Capacity Development (HCD) and is assisting the EAC Secretariat in building the capabilities of its own staff, as well as those from the Public and Private Sector, on implementing the EAC Common Market.

In a growing number of countries, an active civil society keeps a critical eye on what their governments are doing. Thanks to enhanced regional cooperation, Africa is increasingly speaking with one voice and starting to emerge as a player on the global political stage.


Our capacity development approach addresses three levels:

  • The individual
  • The organisational
  • The systemic

We believe that individuals, organisations and society mutually influence each other.
GIZ’s Human Capacity Development (HCD) approach places the individual in the centre of the activities by providing support for personal and professional capacity development as well as joint learning. Through this strategic capacity building we ensure sustainability of our work as it allows our partners to actively direct development processes and influence their organisations in the spirit of ownership and sustainability.

External Factors

Our Human Capacity Development activities:

How capacity development processes influence each other at the levels of society, organisations/networks and the individual.

How capacity development processes influence each other at the levels of society, organisations/networks and the individual.


  • We conduct sensitisation activities on the implementation of the Common Market Protocol
  • We offer training to increase the understanding and application of CMP regulations (such as our PCA training for customs officers or ‘trade in services’ training for Partner States’ officials and the private sector)
  • We offer training to the EAC Secretariat and Partner States’ stakeholders on the technical preparation and negotiation of further agreements. (For example on Mutual Recognition Agreement negotiations)
  • We enable actors to exchange and benefit from the experience of others within the region or with other regional organisations, through learning platforms or study tours. (Previously conducted in a study tour to the ECOWAS Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency).
  • We strengthen management and communication skills for relevant institutions. (Such as through our training on project management and proposal writing for the EAC Secretariat).


In 2013, the programme implemented twenty-nine ‘Human Capacity Development for Common Market’ measures, reaching a total of 781 participants. Our HCD activities continuously support the EAC Secretariat in advancing the implementation of the Common Market in selected areas:

Human Capacity Development for Common Market